Developed in the 1940s, as a stylistic variation on Lindy Hop. Its names have changed over the years from Sophisticated Swing, to Push, or Swing out. It is danced to a wide variety of music including: blues, rock and roll, country western, pop, hip hop, smooth and cool jazz. Very popular throughout the United States and Canada but was uncommon in Europe and much of Asia until the 21st Century. This dance is the slower, more sexy and down to earth style that lets anyone of any age enjoy.
The Charleston was one of the dances from which Lindy Hop and Jazz Roots developed in the 1930s. A slightly different form of Charleston became popular in the 1930s and '40s, and is associated with Lindy Hop. In both '20s Charleston and Swinging Charleston, the basic step takes eight counts and is danced either alone or with a partner. Now it is taught and incorporated with Jitterbug (Single time swing), Lindy Hop, Shag and Balboa.
In this later Charleston form, the hot jazz timing of the 1920s Charleston was adapted to suit the swing jazz music of the '30s and '40s. Evolved in the late 1920s and early 1930s out of the Partnered Charleston. The name comes from a 1927 news headline which proclaimed "Lindy Hops the Atlantic" with reference to Charles Lindbergh's legendary flight. It is characterized by an 8-count circular basic or "swing out" and has an emphasis on improvisation and the ability to easily adapt to include other steps in 8-count and 6-count rhythms. If you hear fast swing music and you see a couple dancing fast where the woman is almost being whipped around the man in a fast circular motion...chances are you are watching Lindy!
"Swing dance" is most commonly known as a group of dances that developed with the swing style of jazz music in the 1920s-1950s. Names like Jitter Bug are given as a general term for swing dances while Jitterbug itself is a dance. Most swing dances were developed by the African American Community with a few exceptions like West Coast Swing and Balboa. Swing showcases high energy, fast movement, a lot of spinning and at times Ariel tricks and lifts!
A simpler 6-count variation of Jitter bug and Lindy Hop, that evolved with swing-band music of the 1940s. East Coast Swing has very simple structure and footwork along with basic moves and styling. It is most popular for its simple nature and is often danced to slow, medium, or fast tempo jazz,
blues, or rock and roll. This is the most common of swing dances in the social dance world. It it done at not just swing events but ballroom ones as well.
Originally danced along the strands between Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, and Wilmington, North Carolina, grew and had expanded to many other places during the 1990s. It is most often associated with blues music, and where the man seems to take on the role of fancier foot work and turns than the woman. An ideal picture of Carolina Shag is where the partners hands seem to move little and their legs look as though they are made of rubber.
Balboa is an 8-count dance that emphasizes a strong partner connection and quick footwork. A product of Southern California's crowded ballrooms it is primarily danced in close embrace.